Biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
17th Rabiul awal
53 BH- Birth of The Holy Prophet Muhammad
world was blessed with the arrival of the best and greatest man who would ever
walk the earth, the last Prophet of Allah, Prophet Muhammad (saws), about whom
Allah (swt) has said in the Quran, "And we have not sent you, [O Muhammad] except as a
mercy to the worlds." [21:107]
Amena bint Wahab
He was the BEST LEADER
OF ALL TIMES ,considering ->> a)
Smallness of means ( Born / Preached in Mecca between ignorant poor tribes)
b) Greatness of Purpose (Salvation of Entire Humanity ! ) & c)
Results Achieved – (Within 1400 years, there would be now > 2 billion Muslims !)
Click here to know What Non-Muslims Say about Muhammad (saws)
Jinan….Holy Prophet (saws) was
born in Makkah, in his house, at the break of the morning of Friday in the year
known as The Elephant Year during the reign of the Anushirwan,
the fair king of Persia (also called Khosrow the
Ja‘far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq
(‘a) was also born on this day & this event has added further honor to
Celebrating the birthday
of the Prophet Mohammad
(saws) is a very good deed and all Muslims practice it for the sake of Allah (swt) and in love and respect of the Prophet (Saws) but the Wahabi sect object on it and call it Bid’ah
misleading leader Ibn Taymiyyah . Prominent Sunni
Ualama have written books to prove that celebrating
the birth anniversary of the Prophet (Saws) is a very good deed, and to refute
the claims of Ibn Taymiyya. Jalaluddin
Soyoti is one of the famous Sunni Ulama
who have written books in proving the celebration of birthday of the Prophet.
His book is called (Hosn al Maqsad
Fi Amal al-Mawlid). Another famous Sunni Aalim is Abul Khattab Ibn
Dihya who wrote a book in this subject called (Al Tanweer Fi Mawlid al-Basheer al-Natheer).
Another famous Sunni Aalim who is Al-Imam Abu Abdillah Alhaaj has written a
book in this subject called (Al-Madkhal Ala Amal
Zainab.tv Poetry- English and Persian
subtitles >> O
Mohammad! What an Honour!
Things to do on the day of 17 Rabiul awal
First: it is recommended to bathe oneself /perform Ghusl on
Second: It is recommended to observe fasting on this day. It is
narrated that to observe fasting on this day brings about the reward of
observing fasting for a whole year. It is, one of the four days the observance
of fasting on which has been confirmed.
Third: It is recommended to visit the tomb of the Holy Prophet (saws) or
recite this Ziarat of Prophet from a distance.
Fourth: It is recommended to visit the tomb of Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu’minin
(‘a) .Recite the form of Ziyarah that Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq (‘a)
PDF taught to Muhammad ibn Muslim. .
Fifth: It is recommended to offer, in the forenoon, a two
unit prayer and to recite at each of which Surah al-Fatihah once and repeat Surah al-Qadr
ten times and Surah al-Tawhid ten times. After Salat it is recommended to sit in
ones place of prayer and say the prayer that begins with the following
statement: O Allah, verily You are Ever-living and You never die….( as in the book of Zad
Sixth: Muslims are advised to honor this day; they may give alms, do
righteous deeds, make brethren-in-faith happy , and
visit the holy mausoleums. In Iqbal al-A‘mal,
Sayyid Ibn Tawus has
explained upon the necessity of honoring this day, saying, I noticed that
Christians and some Muslims honor the birthday of Prophet Jesus (‘a) in a
matchless, remarkable way. I thus wonder how those Muslims accept to honor the
birthday of their Prophet (saws) in a way less than their honoring another
BOOKS on the
more at www.IslamicMobility.com
Brief History of the Prophet"s Life
and noblest tribe in the whole of Arabia was Banu Hashim. They were the descendants of Ibrahim through his
son Isma"il. The Arabs respected and loved them
for their goodness, knowledge and bravery.
Abd al-Muttalib was the chieftain of Banu Hashim and he was also the
Guardian of the Ka"bah. Among his ten sons,
"Abdullah was the father of the Holy Prophet.
In Mecca, baby boy
muhammad was born on 17th Rabi" al-Awwal, 570 AD.His
father "Abdullah, son of "Abd al-Muttalib, died before he was born and when he was six, he
lost his loving mother Aminah bint
Wahab.His Grandfather, "Abd
al-Muttalib, took the responsibility of bringing up
the orphan. At the age of ten, he was berefted of his
venerable grandfather.On his
deathbed, he appointed his son Abu Talib as the
guardian of muhammad.Gentle, soft spoken, tall and
handsome boy, muhammad, accompanied the trading
caravans of Abu Talib, across the deserts, giving him
deep insight into nature and man.
The wealthy noble
widowed lady Khadijah, looking for a manager for her rich merchantile
caravans, selects muhammad, the Trustee. Able and
fair dealing,muhammad is a
tremendous success. Khadijah already an admirer, made him an offer of marriage.
muhammad was twenty five and
Khadijah forty. In spite of this disparity in age, the marriage proved to be a
very happy one.
nature and quite worrried about human sufferings, muhammad very often retired to Mount Hira" for
meditations. One night, Laylat al-Qadr
(the Night of Majesty) a voice addressing him, commanded "Recite in the
name of thy Lord." Deeply excited by the strange phenomena of Divine Visitation,muhammad hurried home
to his wife, Khadijah, who listened to him attentively and said that "I
bear witness that you are the Apostle of God." After an interval, the
voice from heaven spoke again "O thou shrouded in thy mantle, arise, and
warn, and magnify thy Lord."
This was a signal for
him to start preaching the gospel of truth of One God. In the beginning muhammad invited only those near him, to accept the new
Faith. The first to embrace Islam among women was Khadijah and among men
"Ali. Soon after, Zayd ibn al-Harithah became a convert to the new Faith.
For three long years, he
laboured quietly to wean his people from the worship
of idols and drew only thirty followers. muhammad
then decided to appeal publicly to the Quraysh to give up idol worship and
embrace Islam.The new Faith, is simple without
complications, practical and useful for everyday life. It commands to believe
and do good, keep up prayer and pay the poorrate, two
orders giving four principles of a successful way of life.Almost ten years of hard work and preaching, in
spite of all persecution,produced over a hundred
followers, physical cruelties and social boycott made life unbearable in Mecca.
The Holy Prophet of Islam advised his followers, to seek refuge in the to seek
refuge in the neighbouring country of Ethiopia. Eighty eight men and eighteen women sailed to the hospitable
shores of the Negus, under the leadership of Ja"far
at-Tayyar (brother of "Ali) and the cousin of
the Holy Prophet.
several times the
chieftains came to Abu Talib saying, "We respect
your age and rank, but we have no further patience with your nephew. Stop him
or we shall fight you." Abu Talib asked muhammad for his decision.With
tears in his eyes, the Apostle firmly replied, "O my uncle! If they place
the sun on my right hand and the moon on my left, to force me to renounce my
mission, I will not desist until God manifests His cause or I perish in the
In a period of
troubles, trials and tribulations two major tragedies afflicted muhammad. First the venerable guardian uncle Abu Talib died and shortly afterwards his noble wife Khadijah
died, leaving behind her daughter Fatimah (peace be on her) – the only child
she had from the Holy Prophet – the daughter who looked after her father so
much so that the prophet called her Umm Abiha (the
mother of her father).
With the death of
the old patriarch Abu Talib, the Meccans planned to
assassinate the prophet. Under Divine guidance, he asked "Ali to sleep in
his bed and muhammad put his green garment on
"Ali. While the murderes mistook "Ali for muhammad, the Holy Prophet of Islam escaped to Medina.
The Muslim era of Hijrah (Emigration) is named after this incident and dated
from 17th Rabi" al-Awwwal, 622 AD.
From the time he came to
Medina, he was the grandest figure upon whom the light of history has ever
shone. We shall now see him as the King of men, the ruler of human hearts,
chief law-giver and supreme judge.The
Preacher who went without bread, was mightier than the mightiest sovereigns of
the earth. No emperor with his tiaras was obeyed, as this man in a cloak of his
He laid the foundation
of the Muslim commonwealth and drew up a charter which has been acknowledged as
the work of highest statemanship, a master-mind not
only of his age, but of all ages.
Unlike the Arabs, the
Prophet, had never wielded a weapon, but now he was forced to defend Islam by
force of arms. Commencing from the battle of Badr,a series of eighty battles had to be fought,
which the infant commmunity defended successfully.
Next year, Abu Sufyan, the famous long-lived enemy of Islam, again
attacked the Muslims at Uhud. Hamzah,
the first flag-bearer of Islam and uncle of the Prophet, was killed in action.
In spite of strict instructions from the Prophet, a few Muslim soldiers
deserted their post,when
victory was in sight. This changed the course of the battle. Khalid ibn al-Walid attacked the Prophet and the grave situation was
saved by the timely arrival of "Ali. The enemies ran away and the issue
was decided. muhammad was deeply grieved at the death
The Muslims had
been in self exile for six years and began to feel a
keen yearning for their homeland, Mecca. The Prophet desired to perform a
pilgrimage to Ka"bah. When he forsook his home
town he was weak, but when he wanted to return, he was strong. He did not use
his strength to force an entry into the sacred city. Finding the Quraysh
hostile, muhammad entered into a treaty Known as the
Peace of Hudaybiyyah, appearing not very advantageous
to the Muslims, but which revealed the Islamic character of moderation and
magnanimity. For the strong to excercise restraint
and toleration is true courage. Having reached upto
the door of their birth place with hearts over-flowing with impatient longing
to enter it, the Muslims retraced their steps peacefully to Medina, under the
terms of the treaty, which allowed them to perform the pilgrimage next year.
In The 8th year
AH, the idolators violated the peace
of Hudaybiyyah by attacking the Muslims. The enemies
were defeated and Mecca was conquered.The
Prophet who fled from Mecca as a fugitive, now returned home as a mighty
conqueror. The Rahmatun lil
"Alamin (mercy unto all beings, i.e., the
Prophet) entered the city with his head bowed low in thankfulness to the
Almighty (Allah) and ordered a general amnesty, instead of the mass massacre of
those who persecuted him and his followers.
A great number of
Muslim soldiers were killed in battles at Badr, Uhud,Khaybar, Hunayn
and other places, leaving behind young wives and children. The serious problem
of taking care of the widows and orphans, threatened to break up the moral
fabric of the Muslim Society. muhammad decided to
marry these widows and set an example for his followers to do likewise.
Under the Divine
intuition of his approaching end, muhammad prepared
to make the farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.Before
completing all the ceremonies of Hajj, he addressed a huge multitude from the
top of mount "Arafat on 8th Dhi al-hijjah, 11 AH,in
words which shall ever ring and live in the atmosphere.
After finishing the hajj the Holy Prophet started for Medina. On his way, at Ghadir Khumm the Voice from
Heaven cried: "O Apostle! deliver what has been revealed to you from your
Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message and Allah will
protect you from the people, surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving
people. (5:67) muhammad immediately ordered Bilal to
recall the Muslims, who had gone ahead,who
were behind and who were proceeding to their homes at the junction, to
assemble. The famous Sunni mutakallim and
commentator, Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi
in his At-Tafsir al-Kabir,
vol. 12, pp. 49-50, writes that the Prophet took "Ali by the hand and
said: "Whoever whose mawla (master) I am,
"Ali is his master. O Allah! Love him who loves "Ali, and be the
enemy of the enemy of "Ali; help him who helps "Ali, and forsake him
who forsakes "Ali."
On muhammad"s return to Medina, he got busy settling the
organization of the provinces and the tribes which had adopted Islam. His
strength rapidly failed and the poison (administered at Khaybar
by a Jewess) took its deadly toll. So ended the life dedicated to the service
of God and humanity from first to last, on 28th Safar, 11 AH.
The humble Preacher had
risen to be the ruler of Arabia. The Prophet of Islam not only inspired
reverence, but love owing to his humility,nobility,
purity, austerity, refinement and devotion to duty.
The Master inspired all
who came into contact with him. He shared his scanty food; he began his meals
in the Name of Allah and finished them uttering thanks;he loved the poor and respected them; he would
visit the sick and comfort the heart broken; he treated his bitterest enemies
with clemency and forbearance,but the offenders
against society were administered justice; his intellectual mind was remarkably
progressive and he said that man could not exist without contant
There is no god but One
God and muhammad is the Apostle of God, peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him and his descendants.
Courtesy of duas.org