This year Eid al-Ghadeer will be celebrated on September 21, 2016.
Eid al-Ghadeer celebrated on the 18th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah. It celebrates the appointment of Ali ibn Abi Talib as the successor of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
On 18th Zilhijjah of the year 10 A.H. (10 March 632 CE) ,after completing the last pilgrimage ,the Holy Prophet (pbuh) along with around 100,000 Muslims reached a place called ‘Ghadir-e-khumm’ near Mecca. The following verse was revealed :Quran 5:67] O Messenger! deliver what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.
On receiving the above verse, the Holy Prophet stopped at that very place & delivered a speech an extract of which is :-
[….It seems the time has approached when I shall be called away (by Allah) and I shall answer that call. I am leaving for you two precious things and if you adhere to them both, you will never go astray after me. They are the Book of Allah and my Progeny, that is my Ahlul Bayt. The two shall never separate from each other until they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise).” Then the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in an attempt to remind Muslims of his own authority over them said: ” Do I not have more right over the believers than what they have over themselves? ” Muslims answered unanimously ” Yes, O’ Messenger of God “. This served as a stepping stone for the announcement of his heir and vicegerent. The Holy Prophet(pbuh) held out the hand of Ali(as) and said: ” For whoever I am his Leader (mawla), ‘Ali is his Leader (mawla).” The Holy Prophet then continued to say: ” O’ God, love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him.”]
Amaal on the day of Ghadeer:
- It is recommended to take bath early in the day for purification.
- Observe fast on this day
- Recite Ziarat-e-Ameenallah and Ziarat-e-Mutliqah
- Recite Dua’a-e-Nudbah
- Offer 2 rakaat prayer of Eid-e-Ghadeer before mid-day. In each Rakaat after Sura Hamd recite 10 times Sura Ahad (Qul ho Allah ho Ahad), 10 times Sura Qadr (Inna anzalna ho fi lailat-il-Qadr) and 10 times Ayat al-Kursi.
- After the prayers go into prostration( lying with the face down and arms ) meaning on sajjdah and recite:
100 times “Shukran Lillah” and 100 times ” Alhamd-o-lillah”.
Greeting People on the day of Eid Ghadeer
It is customary among the followers of Ahl-e-Bait(a.s.) to greet each other on this day and shake their hands and say to each other the following : “Akhaituka fil lah-e wa safetoka fil lah-e wa safahtoka fil lah-e wa aahad tullah-a wa malaekatahu wa kutubahu wa rusulahu wa ambiya-uhu wa aaimmatul ma’soomeena alaihumus salam ala anni in kuntu min ahlil jannati wash shafa’ate wa oozina lee be an adkhulal jannah la adkhulaha illa wa anta ma ee aa”.
As well as:
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ الّذى جَعَلَنا مِنَ الْمُتَمَسِّكينَ بِوِلايَةِ اَميرِ الْمُؤْمِنينَ وَالاْئِمَّةِ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلامُ
The other momin/momina should also greet him/her saying: “Asqat tu anka jame’ah haqooq-il ukhuwate ma khalad dua-e waz ziarat-e wash shafa-ah”
As well as :
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ الَّذى اَكْرَمَنا بِهذَا الْيَوْمِ وَجَعَلَنا مِنَ الْمُوفينَ بِعَهْدِهِ اِلَيْنا وَميثاقِهِ الَّذى واثَقَنا بِهِ مِنْ وِلايَةِ وُلاةِ اَمْرِهِوَالْقُوّامِ بِقِسْطِهِ وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنا مِنَ الْجاحِدينَ وَالْمُكَذِّبينَ بِيَوْمِ الدّينِ